Autumn PlantingMay 14, 2015
Make sure you are planting what is best suited to your environment, this will be the key to their success
- Some plants require more sun than others, and some more shade.
- Plants thrive in different kinds of soil, and by knowing what kind you have, you can add the right soil amendments to your garden before planting.
- Plant up containers to brighten up the coming winter days.
To ensure your plants get off to the best start and grow successfully it is so important to make sure you are planting into nutrient rich soil. Add organic matter to your soil like sheep pellets or powder or a layer of Compost before planting.
Feed & Water
Water is the lifeline of your garden and lack of water is a common cause for plants dying. Installing a watering system will help – you can easily create your own with a soak hose, or setting up sprinklers around your garden. Alternatively there are more sophisticated systems you can buy. A watering system will save you the time and effort of walking around the garden with the hose or watering can.
Layers of Pea Straw Mulch around plants will conserve moisture, making your watering efforts last longer.
Like people, plants need food too, so make sure you feed your garden as required and give plants every month or so to make them thrive.
Replace the lost nutrients from those heavy growing seasons by adding in compost, blood and bone, and sheep pellets. This will provide a healthy new foundation for your autumn and winter crops.
- Keep mounding up celery and leeks.
- Harvest pumpkins and dry well before storing.
- Main crop potatoes should be ready for lifting.
- Autumn is an ideal time to plant broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, beetroot, spinach and Chinese cabbages.
- Plant lettuce early autumn and you can get a good harvest from most lettuce varieties.
- Autumn is a busy season for slugs and snails so protect your young vegetable seedlings with snail and slug pellets
- If you choose to rest some areas of your vegetable garden over autumn and winter, planting a green manure crop like lupin or mustard seed adds nitrogen rich organic matter back into the soil. See below for more information.
Lupin and Mustard Seed
Planting lupin in your garden is a quick and economical way to suppress weeds and replace lost nutrients, especially nitrogen, in soil.
Mustard Seed is applied to soil it quickly and efficiently boosts and replaces lost nutrients in the soil in a completely natural way.
Plant in autumn to grow through winter and mulch into the soil in late winter/early spring before they have flowered.
Lupin and Mustard have a similar effect to mulch on soil; it improves soil structure, fertility and micro-organism activity. Once dug back into the soil, the broken down organic matter helps to provide optimal soil conditions for spring planting.
For optimum results sow lupin and mustard seed together. Apply at a rate of three parts lupin to one part mustard.
In your fruit garden:
- Autumn is a busy time for the home orchardist as new season fruit trees make their way to the garden centre and existing trees are laden with fruit.
- Fertilise citrus trees in early autumn with unless there is threat of frost.
- Prepare new planting sites with compost and plant into.
- Protect grape vines with bird netting.
In your flower garden:
- Autumn in the flower garden signals a time to change to new season’s potted colour.
- Pansies, violas, and polyanthus are more tolerant of the cooler weather.
- Plant into a quality potting mix for best results and feed with Novatec.
- Basic maintenance in the flower garden requires pruning back flowering plants that have finished for the season.
- Support taller flowering plants like dahlias and sweet peas with frames or stakes.
- Mulch your flower beds to suppress weeds and protect plants from the cooler months ahead.